Describe Operant Conditioning.

Operant conditioning takes place in the environment instead of responding to it. This behavior appears more voluntary and it is base on the relationship between stimuli and responses. Reinforcement or punishment can be used in operant conditioning, for example, you get a bonus when you do a great job or you can get a pink slip if you do a bad job. In the ABA program, students get the item which they really desire, it can be fruit snacks, chips, playdoh, time on Ipad. Skinner’s theory of operant conditioning is the example of Rat-in-Skinner box. The food is a reinforcer. The best way is to reinforce small sequential steps in a chain of behaviors that resulting good results.

Jack wants his girlfriend, Jill, to show more affection.
Jack can find out what motivates Jill in a positive way. What makes Jill happy? What does Jill like? Jack needs to schedule the reinforcement which he has for Jill, it can be every day.
The behavior modification plan utilizes operant conditioning principle.

Prepare a behavior modification plan in which you effectively utilize operant conditioning principles to change the behavior of the targeted individual(s).
Clearly identify and describe suitable reinforcers or punishers to attain your desired outcome.
Example: If I want my son to eat his vegetables (i.e., increase the desired behavior), I could do several things.
If he eats his vegetables, I could apply a positive reinforcer by adding something he does like, such as screen time; alternatively, I could apply a negative reinforcer by taking away something he does not like, such as one of his weekly chores.
If he does not eat his vegetables, I could apply a positive punisher by adding something he does not like, such as a new weekly chore; alternatively, I could apply a negative punisher by taking away something he does like, such as screen time.
Defend your use of reinforcement and/or punishment as applied to the scenario. Why did you choose it? Why do you expect it to work?
Apply your knowledge of ethical considerations as relevant to operant conditioning.

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