Category Archives: Applied Behavioral Science

Corporal Punishment

By Marie Diaz-Cervo

So many people are still so accustomed to corporal punishment, they can not refrain from it. It also takes lots of discipline to not put a child on timeout when the child’s behavior is not good. If people know how to properly speak and work with children, it would help so much with the children’s confidence. For example, you redirect a child when he or she is displaying a bad behavior.

I went to the doctor last week to get a TB test and while I sat in the waiting room, a young mother who just had a baby last weekend was there with her other two children. The younger child did not want to seat on the chair next to her and she told her again and again to come and seat and the refused. Finally, the mom got so upset and grabbed the child’s arm and she pinched her daughter’s skin because she was so mad at her. I could not believe she was doing that in public and I was shocked and another parent was there witnessing the whole ordeal. She just looked at me and shook her head in disbelief.

I Noticed

By Marie Diaz-Cervo

I noticed when I do not want something or someone, the person would actually want me. Does that mean I need or I have to use the opposite of my mindset? It is not too easy for me because I am a positive thinking person. I find it more healthy for me to think positive. It helps me to believe in others especially children with special needs. They need people who are sweet, affectionate, calm energy and good with kids. They need people to see and believe that they can do things once learn and they can function in society. They are gifted individuals like Albert Einstein.

Leadership & self-Efficacy

By Marie Diaz-Cervo

The behavior specialist at my job is a naturalist and she dresses the part. She loves the special needs children and I like her because she can see me and when I did a great job with the ABLss assessment of the students she told everyone how I did so great and I am really great at. She stood up for me when others just tried to hide my gifts and also took the rewards for my works. Not everybody is capable of shining the light on someone else unless the person has a great self-confidence. The lead teacher did not say a thing about how I helped her and worked hard at my job. While I helped and do my best another coworker tried to emotionally abuse me and I did not know how to deal with it. Since she was a white Italian woman she just figured she can do whatever she wanted, so at a meeting Lisa asked everyone to write a concern about what is going on and I did, then I tried to get rid of the paper but Lisa told me to put it back. At that meeting, the psychologist, social worker, and the lead teacher were also there so they heard my concern and they took action and remove the coworker from the building I was working at.

Achievement motivation is what a person focus on to get the outcome of the goals and plans that he or she set out to get. A person might want to get more money or more recognition, therefore, the end result would be the drive to do the best he or she can at school or at work.

I do my best and learn what I need to learn so I can succeed in achieving the goal and plan that I want to get. Those efforts are the pathway to accomplish what I set out to achieve.

I can increase my own achievement motivation to manage challenges and overcome obstacles as I work toward reaching my goals by focussing on the more impact I will make when I get my degree. People would not be able to say that I do not have the credential to get another higher position at my job. I would make a higher earning which I could help more people who need financial help. I would get more respect and stop the whispering from people who only get the job because they know someone who works at the board of education, I am also motivated to have wealth so I can show my ex-husband that he did not make me. He went and married his mistress a few months after our divorce. My motivation is the keep moving forward without taking another’s woman’s husband.

In order to reach my goal, these two concepts are relevant to help me. Self-determination theory is a concept that will keep me moving forward no matter what the obstacles because I am driving to achieve the goal that I set, I do not need other people to boost me to do what I need to do. Some people can move for internal reasons or external reasons. You can do something because you like it or because of the outcome that would follow. Those who are more intrinsically motivated generally give more effort, persist longer at a task, and perform better than the people who are extrinsically motivated.McCarthy, C. J., DeLisi, M., Getzfeld, A. R., McCarthy, C. J., Moss-King, D. A., Mossler, R., Privitera, G. J., Spence, C., Walker, J. D., Weinberg, R. S., & Youssef-Morgan, C. M. (2016).
Goal setting has the steps for me to achieve the plan. It is in writing and I can look at it to see what is my next task. It makes it easier to see how I am going to reach the goal. There are two ways I can achieve a goal, one is I want to be the best and the other is I want to show off. I can compete with myself or I put other people down.


Bandura, A. (1997).Retrieved from:
Judge, T. A., Jackson, C. L., Shaw, J. C., Scott, B. A., & Rich, B. L. (2007). Journal of Applied Psychology, 92(1), 107-127. doi: 10.1037/0021-9010.92.1.107

McCarthy, C. J., DeLisi, M., Getzfeld, A. R., McCarthy, C. J., Moss-King, D. A., Mossler, R., Privitera, G. J., Spence, C., Walker, J. D., Weinberg, R. S., & Youssef-Morgan, C. M. (2016).Retrieved from:

Stress Management

Stress management for a 65-year-old white woman. She is a grandmother, she works with special needs children and her daughter always needs her help with the grandchildren. The grandmother develops hives because of the stress of her everyday life and she also stops exercise because of her schedule

Mental health professionals would use stress management to help the client to deal with her stress. The treatment is evidence-based interventions, therefore they tested several people with the same symptoms to get positive results. Also, the client will understand how come she felt the way she felt. She needs to understand that her schedule, how she feels and how she faces life. McCarthy, C. J., DeLisi, M., Getzfeld, A. R., McCarthy, C. J., Moss-King, D. A., Mossler, R., Privitera, G. J., Spence, C., Walker, J. D., Weinberg, R. S., & Youssef-Morgan, C. M. (2016).

Resilience is the way a person get back on track after a bad experience which was hard but the person might take a little break then get right back to what needs to be done. The person can be so focused and do better than before. One way to build resilience is to move toward your goals. The person can take small steps and do them often. Also, ask yourself what is it that I can do today to help me reach my goal. Another way is to maintain communication and spend times with close family members, friends, and coworkers. If they want to help you accept their help. When others listen to what you are going through, it will help tremendously. Find ways to help others that will make you feel great and be active at church, local groups or civic group will also help. Other ways to build resilience is to accept that change is a part of living. some dreams and goals might take longer to achieve. Also, some things people can not change can help you to focus on the things you can change. Comas-Diaz, L., Luthar, S. S., Maddi, S. R., O’Neill, H. K., Saakvitne, K. W., & Tedeschi, R. G. (2011).

Flexibility in maintaining resilience when face a difficult issues help with experience strong emotions and stop and breath so you can keep living. Take actions to face the issues and do your normal routine and stop to think and get more energy to face the problem later on. Take times to laugh and connect with people who love you. Finally, trust yourself and get help from others. Comas-Diaz, L., Luthar, S. S., Maddi, S. R., O’Neill, H. K., Saakvitne, K. W., & Tedeschi, R. G. (2011).
“Life skills” enable us to be productive, effective and resilient in the face of challenges and difficult situations. We know that our Face Forward participants face a host of tempting, but negative influences in their every day live. In addition to building confidence and self-esteem, life skills serve as protective armor against poor choices and their related negative consequences.
We strive to ensure that participants increase their awareness and are able to apply positive behaviors. Our curriculum helps them:
Recognize and cope with stress
Identify the links between thoughts, feelings, and behaviors
Learn the differences between choices and decisions
Practice effective communication, self-control and reduce impulsive behaviors
Engage in constructive conflict resolution and effective problem-solving.” 100 Urban League of Essex County, (2016).

100 Urban League of Essex County, (2016). Retrieved from:

Comas-Diaz, L., Luthar, S. S., Maddi, S. R., O’Neill, H. K., Saakvitne, K. W., & Tedeschi, R. G. (2011). Retrieved from

McCarthy, C. J., DeLisi, M., Getzfeld, A. R., McCarthy, C. J., Moss-King, D. A., Mossler, R., Privitera, G. J., Spence, C., Walker, J. D., Weinberg, R. S., & Youssef-Morgan, C. M. (2016). Retrieved from;

Carl Roger’s concept

By Marie Diaz-Cervo

Carl Roger’s concept shows the therapist reflects and restating what the client said, for example, Karen said ” she feels hopeless, finds no enjoyment in life and is having thoughts of suicide.” The therapist would say ” It sounds like you are not happy and you feel like ending your life.” Karen will hear what the therapist said and she can learn to care for herself and know that things will get better. Also, Carl Roger’s concept of empathy is the therapist show care, respect and he or she does not judge Karen. The therapist will also show acceptance and self-regard for her.
The Four D of maladaptive behavior is deviance which is an abnormal behavior such as the person spent several hours a day aligning up cups in order which is an obsessive-compulsive disorder. Although Karen did not display this behavior, she exhibits the second on which is Distress when she said that she felt hopeless and she felt down all the time. She also shows dysfunction because she does not find fun in talking with others. She also has the fourth maladaptive behavior which is a danger, Karen had thought of killing herself.
The psychotherapist believe in Karen can trust and she will get the right treatment because psychotherapy is better than no treatment. The therapist is good and the outcome is very beneficial. Modern clinicians know a hundred styles of therapeutic practices and used them based on the problem. Karen will receive a humanistic style which applies some psychodynamic elements of exploration: however, if Karen shows social anxiety the clinician will implement the cognitive-behavioral approach.
The intake interview would be the best approach for Karen because she would be comfortable and the clinical psychologist will ask simple questions about her mental health. Another way is a semi-structured interview which the psychologist as a set question which deals with her issues but in a calm setting. The question can be about family, employment and health habits. At that time the mood and the way Karen communicate would help the psychologist to come with the best treatment for her. “Clinicians will note the client’s general appearance and behavior, communication style, and mood. The semi-structured interview allows students to become familiar with specific language and diagnoses, and to learn interview skills.” Mossler, Getzfeld, (2016).
As a mental health professional, I would listen with care and rephrase what Karen told me during the session. I would trust her to know that she knows she will get better. My ethical duties would be to not discuss Karen’s issues with no one outside of the office. I would need to respect and truly hear her concern. I can not judge her or dismiss what she communicate with me during the sessions. ” Clients can solve problems on their own. It is the job of the therapist to be nondirective and to provide a warm environment where clients can learn to value and trust themselves.” Mossler, Getzfeld, (2016).

McCarthy, C. J., DeLisi, M., Getzfeld, A. R., McCarthy, C. J., Moss-King, D. A., Mossler, R., Privitera, G. J., Spence, C., Walker, J. D., Weinberg, R. S., & Youssef-Morgan, C. M. (2016). Retrieved from